Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is home-based learning legal in Canada?
A: Yes, it is legal in all Canadian provinces and territories. See the Resources section of this website for more information about contacting the Ministry/Department of Education in your province or territory.

Q: How many children are homeschooled in Canada?
A: Since many home educating parents do not register with local school officials, an exact number is not known. However, it generally estimated that between one and two percent of all school-age children learn at home. We believe that between 70,000 and 100,000 Canadian children learn at home. That has increased from our estimate of approximately 2,000 children in 1980.

Q: What is the difference between home-based learning, homeschooling, and unschooling?
A: There are many philosophies of homeschooling and many words used to describe the situation whereby school-aged children learn without going to school. And there are even subsets and varying definitions of each of those words! Here is an article about terminology.

Q: Isn't home-based learning something that just hippies and fundamentalist Christians do?
A: This is one of many misconceptions about home-based educating families, their  practices and their beliefs. Perhaps these extreme stereotypes originate with people who don’t understand home-based learning. In fact, families who learn at home are a diverse cross-section of the population and include families of all philosophies, religions, cultural and racial backgrounds, economic and employment situations. And their reasons for home educating are also numerous  and diverse.

For more about this topic, read some of the research reports listed in the Resources section of this website.

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